J Interdiscip Dentistry
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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 24-26

Comparative evaluation of hemoglobin level in anemic patients with chronic periodontitis before and after treatment

1 Department of Periodontics, Manipal College of Dental Sciences mangalore, Manipal University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Periodontics, A. B. Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Nitte University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Microbiology, KSHEGDE Medical Academy, Nitte University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Mranali K Shetty
Department of Periodontics, Manipal College of Dental Sciences mangalore, Manipal University, Mangalore, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2229-5194.135000

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Background: Anemia can be caused by various chronic diseases, one of which could be chronic periodontitis. Treatment of chronic periodontitis has shown to improve hematological values. This study aimed at assessing effect of periodontal therapy on hemoglobin levels in patients with chronic periodontitis. Materials and Methods: This was a case-control study consist of 40 anemic subjects with hemoglobin levels of ≤8 g/dl. The sample size comprised of 20 periodontally healthy subjects and 20 subjects with chronic periodontitis. Blood samples were collected before and after therapy for hemoglobin assessment and all the patients were subjected to periodontal therapy. The values were subjected to statistical analysis. Results: The study showed that there was an improvement in hemoglobin level for the test group after periodontal therapy, which was statistically significant. Conclusion: The phase I periodontal treatment helped in improvement of the hemoglobin level in chronic periodontitis group. Clinical Relevance to Interdisciplinary Dentistry
  • Many systemic diseases have been implicated as risk indicators or risk factors in oral diseases.
  • To understand the pathogenesis of the systemic diseases to oral diseases is important for the dental clinicians (endodontists, periodontists, prosthodontists) to draw comprehensive treatment plan for the patient.
  • This article explains the influence of anemia of chronic disease on the outcome of periodontal treatment.

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