J Interdiscip Dentistry
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 84-91

Significance and clinical relevance of biologic width to implant dentistry

Department of Periodontology and Implantology, Sudha Rustagi College of Dental Sciences and Research, Faridabad, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Sangeeta Dhir
Department of Periodontology and Implantology, Sudha Rustagi College of Dental Sciences and Research, Faridabad, Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2229-5194.100599

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The concept of biologic width forms the basis for a successful peri-implant soft tissue integration around titanium implants. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the present knowledge about this important zone that forms the basis for a successful implant. Methodology: Electronic search of the Medline/PubMed was done using the search words and MeSH Headings including, biologic width, peri-implant soft tissue, crestal bone loss, platform switch, biologic width and dental implant, implant abutment junction. Hand search of the prosthetic,implantology, and the periodontology journals was also undertaken for the collection of the data. Clinical Relevance to Interdisciplinary Dentistry
  1. Implant dentistry involves an interdisciplinary treatment approach of prosthodontics, periodontics, and surgical aspects.
  2. A profound knowledge of the biologic response and the underlying anatomical/histologic aspects of the bone and the overlying soft tissues is critical for the success of the implant.
  3. Biologic width is a healthy self-limiting zone around implant. It acts as a mirror for the underlying health of the supporting tissues.
  4. Violation of the biologic width generates a revoking response from the tissues, which then tries to accommodate at the stake of the crestal bone.
  5. This review article tries to demystify the conveniently overlooked biologic zone and the affecting factors/variables responsible for the viability of this zone.

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